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Office of Mental Health

Kendra's Law: Final Report on the Status of Assisted Outpatient Treatment

On August 9, 1999, Governor George Pataki signed Kendra's Law (Chapter 408 of the Laws of 1999), creating a statutory framework for court-ordered Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) to ensure that individuals with mental illness and a history of hospitalizations or violence participate in community-based services appropriate to their needs.1 Kendra's Law was named in memory of Kendra Webdale, a young woman who died in January, 1999 after being pushed in front of a New York City subway train by Andrew Goldstein, a man with a history of mental illness and hospitalizations. The law became effective in November of 1999.

Since that time, the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) has been evaluating the impact of Kendra's Law on individuals receiving court-ordered services. In January, 2003 OMH issued an Interim Report required by Kendra's Law, which reviewed the implementation and status of AOT and presented findings from OMH's evaluation of the program.2 This Final Report on the status of AOT in New York State is also statutorily required and updates the Interim Report.


1 Appendix 1 contains a copy of Kendra's Law. Appendix 2 contains an analysis of court decisions relating to Kendra's Law. Appendix 3 contains the Matter of K.L., the Court of Appeals decision upholding the constitutionality of Kendra's Law.
2 OMH's Interim Report on Kendra's Law is available on the OMH Web site at omhweb/Kendra_web/interimreport/

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